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A timeline of events affecting the Azores
1179    The pope recognizes Portugal as a kingdom.

1429    Diego de Silvas discovers the Azores.

1431   Colonization begins on 7 islands, mainly by Portuguese from the southern provinces.

1441    Lagos, Portugal is the site of the first slave market in Europe.

1452    Flores and Corvo are colonized. Soon after, Flemish immigrants begin migrating.

1480-1521      With Spanish funding Portuguese sailor Fernao de Magalhae, better known as Ferdinand Magellan, is able to lead the first circumnavigation of the globe.

1496    Jews expelled from Portugal.

1500    Pedro Alvares Cabral reaches Brazil, South America.

1501    Gaspar Corte Real reaches Newfoundland.

1575-1638       During this time, Portugal monopolizes the trade route between China and Japan.

1578    The occupation of Lisbon by Phillip II King of Spain happens two years after Dom Sabastiao’s death at the battle of Alkazar-Kebir.

1581    On Terceira, a farmer’s wife sends to flight a group of Spanish soldiers by driving a herd of bulls at them. This incident at the bay of Salga helped drive out Phillip II’s occupying force.


1582    Phillip II tries to enlist French and British support for an internal insurrection.

1640   After 60 years of Spanish occupation, Portugal chooses John Joao, Duke of Braganza to become their new leader.

1642   With little opposition, all provinces, including the Azores are returned to Portugal.

1762    Spain declares war on Portugal.

1869    The slave trade is abolished in all Portuguese territories.

1916    Portugal enters WW 1 on the side of the British and French.

1932-1968       Antonio Salazar is the longest serving prime minister.

1939-1945       Portugal remains neutral during WW 2, but in 1943 it allows the Americans and British to establish an airbase on its territory.

1961-1965       Large amounts of Azorean citizens migrate to America and Canada in opposition to the drafting of young men to fight in the Angola civil war.

1975    All of Portugal’s remaining colonies, with the exception of Macao are granted independence. This puts an end to the protracted wars in Africa.

1976 Following the Carnation Revolution, the Azores become an Automomous Region within Portugal, along with Madeira and the Azorean districts were suppressed.

1986 Portugal enters the European Union.